Plywood Manufacturing can be used to refer to the ply manufacturing business. If we talk about ply, it is made from thin layers of different materials. Or it is also made by stacking different layers of wood or other material together. By the way, ply is also called an engineered wood from the family of manufactured boards. It includes medium-density fiberboard and particleboard such as chipboard etc. All plywood contains bind resins and wood fiber sheets to form a composite material in which cellulose cells are long, strong, and thin. Such an option is known as cross-graining, which has many advantages. This reduces the tendency of the edges to break or break. It also prevents the expansion and contraction of the ply. Hence the use of ply can currently be seen on a large scale in the furniture industry. In such a situation, if you are thinking of doing your own business and if the cost of business is not a big problem for you, then it can be beneficial for you to start Plywood Manufacturing Business.
How should the plywood
Good quality plywood should have the following qualities.
Robustness and dimensional stability
Talking about the strength of plywood, it depends on the type of wood it is made from. This is to say that the strength of plywood made from different timber may vary. The process of cross graning gives the plywood more strength and dimensional stability.
Water and chemical resistant
When forming thin layers, the veneer is adjusted with a material that is resistant to water and chemicals. In Plywood Manufacturing, the plywood is treated with chemical compounds and water-resistant glue to make the plywood water and chemical resistant. This type of plywood is known as Marine Plywood.
Plywood can be easily treated with fire-resistant chemicals. Plywood can be combined with non-flammable materials such as fibrous cement or plasterboard to make it fire-resistant. This type of chemical coating prevents or counteracts the oxidation process, thereby reducing the possibility of fire outbreaks.
Types and Uses of Plywood
If we talk about plywood, then it is a construction material that has many uses in construction. That is why it is very important for an entrepreneur starting a Plywood Manufacturing Business to know about its type and its use.
Structural plywood: Yankee structural plywood refers to the plywood used for structural applications. This type of plywood should have the power to withstand the stresses resulting from complete weather changes and their effects. This type of plywood is used in beams, internal structures, subfloors, shipping boxes, wall bracing, roof bracing, etc.
Such plywood is made by binding with waterproof glue so that it can be used for outdoor use. Although these types of plywood are water-resistant, paints are also used to make them more durable in sun rays or heat. They are commonly used for walls, outdoor flooring, roof linings, stable, etc.
If we talk about interior plywood, more beauty and attractiveness are taken care of in making it. This type of plywood is commonly used inside homes, buildings, etc., so it does not come in contact with external elements like sun, rain, etc. Therefore, in this type of Plywood Manufacturing, the focus on strength is less. It is commonly used in indoor furniture, ceilings, interior cladding, etc.
Marine plywood is used for very specific purposes. Some areas of this type of plywood may need to be waterproofed. This plywood is used to make high-stress tolerant timber and other materials that can protect it from rotting, and melting even in places with moisture and water. It can be used to make boats and docks.
Analysis of Plywood Market (Market Analysis for Plywood Manufacturing):
In our country India, plywood is mostly used to manufacture furniture, it accounts for about two-thirds of the total wood consumption. According to a reliable figure, the Indian plywood market had reached US $ 4.5 billion by 2019. Therefore starting a Plywood Manufacturing Business can be the right and beneficial decision for any aspiring entrepreneur. There is no doubt that in the last decades in India, people have increased their habit of spending on furniture as a result of increasing income, urbanization, investment in real estate, western influence, etc. In addition, due to the new design and diverse product range of furniture, the demand for plywood-manufactured furniture has seen a significant increase among consumers. Demand for plywood is increasing continuously due to the expansion of the furniture distribution network and an increasing number of furniture manufacturers to meet the furniture demand of the people. This is the reason that this industrial sector is expected to reach US $ 5.9 billion by 2025. The plywood market is segmented commercially and residential based on end consumption. Although the residential sector is the largest consumer segment for entrepreneurs doing plywood manufacturing business, it accounts for more than half of the total share in this market.
How to start a plywood manufacturing business? (How to Start Plywood Manufacturing Business):
If we talk about the plywood manufacturing business, to start it, entrepreneurs need not only machinery and equipment. Rather, along with this, land and building, office, raw material, license, registration, etc. are also required. Further in this article, we will talk about starting a step-by-step plywood manufacturing business.
1. Manage land and space
The space required to start a Plywood Manufacturing Business depends on the production capacity of the plant, but despite all this, a large space may be required for this business. The entrepreneur may need at least about 5000 sq ft or more of space to start this type of business. Therefore, if the entrepreneur has his land, then he can start construction work on the same. And if the entrepreneur does not have his land, then he can rent the built building, etc. for this work. The entrepreneur can establish it anywhere in non-agricultural land or an industrial area. Apart from this, the entrepreneur may also need to provide commercial power connections, water connections, and plant layouts.
2. License for Plywood Manufacturing Business:
Many types of licenses and registrations may be required to start a Plywood Manufacturing Business. Some of the major licenses and registrations are listed as follows.
- First of all, the entrepreneur has to register under one of the business entities in the Registrar of Companies to give his business a legal form. If the entrepreneur wishes, he can register under proprietorship.
- The entrepreneur will also require GST registration, and may also need to open a current account with the bank and create a PAN card with a business name.
- Apart from this, a factory license or trade license may also be required for which the entrepreneur can approach a local authority such as a municipal corporation, or a municipality.
- A No Objection Certificate from the Fire Department may also be required.
- Since timber is used as a raw material in the Plywood Manufacturing Business, it may also require permission from the Forest Department to start such a business.
- If the entrepreneur wants his business to be recognized as an MSME in the eyes of the government and can take advantage of various schemes, then he can also get industry Aadhaar registration and MSME data bank registration.
3. Machinery equipment and raw materials
The following is a list of the major machinery and equipment used in the Plywood Manufacturing Business.
- Hotpress machine
- Spindleless peeling machine
- Lag Wood DeBarker
- 3 Deck 4 Section Roller Veneer Dryer
- Lift loading and unloading caesar
- Glue separator
- Brush Sanding Machine
- Dipping machine
- Steel wool
- Glue mixer
- DD Saw Manual
- Pedal chopper
- The trolley
- Cold dry press
The machinery and equipment used in plywood manufacturing can cost millions of rupees, so this type of business can only be started by a person who can invest lakhs of rupees. Before purchasing machinery equipment for this business, the entrepreneur should ask for quotations from various suppliers. And then after doing a comparative analysis of them, one should choose a good supplier. The list of major raw materials used in this business is as follows.
- Building wood
- The glue
The entrepreneur may need to employ more than ten employees in starting this business and running it successfully. Therefore, it is possible that the entrepreneur also needs to register EPF, ESI, etc.
4. How To Start Plywood Manufacturing
As we all are well aware that in the present scenario, plywood is used as a basic raw material in the carpentry industry. Plywood is obtained by cutting the appropriate type of trees to suit its requirement. First, the tree is cut into several circular logs with the help of a chain saw, then in the Plywood Manufacturing Process, they are inserted into a log debarker which serves to remove their bark.
This wood is then kept for soaking in hot water or for streaming to soften it. After that these softwood peeler blocks are put in the Veneer peeling machine, this machine continuously converts these blocks into thin sheets. It is then passed through a Winner cutter to obtain the winner. In the Plywood Manufacturing Process, these veneers are then placed in the dryer to reduce the moisture content in them. These veneers are then passed through a glue dispenser so that the glue can be spread evenly and then sent to a plywood paving machine. The job of this machine is to place these veneers on top of one of the other generating plywoods as it involves adding the veneers over the veneers.
Cold press machines are used to strengthen this joint. After that, they are also put in a hot press machine and the temperature, as well as pressure, continues to increase the strength of the joint without damaging the plywood. After the plywood is cooled, it is sent to a plywood trimming machine in the Plywood Manufacturing Process. The job of this machine is to trim the edges of the plywood and additional material. They are then finished with the help of a brush sanding machine. The plywood manufactured thereafter needs to be stored in a controlled environment to protect them from any kind of damage such as moisture and termites.