How to Start Sugarcane Farming as a Business

 How to start sugarcane farming as a Business??

All of you must have drank sugarcane Farming and know about its delicious taste, just as there is a demand for ice cream during summer, similarly sugarcane Farming is also in high demand during summer, in winter the demand decreases but Demand doubles in summer

That’s why many shops and street vendors of sugarcane Farming will be found in summer because due to the increase in demand in summer, the business of sugarcane Farming runs a lot and many people earn good money in this business with small investment and it There is such a business that you can start according to your budget and you can change your location anytime. In this article, we will tell you in detail about Sugarcane Farming Business Plan.

How to start sugarcane farming as a business....

 

Required things for sugarcane Business

Land for sugarcane cultivation:-

             Loam soil is considered best for sugarcane cultivation. Sugarcane cultivation should be done on such land where there is no water. Before starting sugarcane cultivation, you can also get the soil tested because acidic or alkaline soil is not good for sugarcane. Before starting sugarcane cultivation, you should plow the plow 3 to 4 times to invert the soil of your field.

Ground refinement:-

            Before sowing sugarcane, there are many other termites in the ground which cause damage to the crop, hence, spraying of medicines is done to eliminate them first. There are many types of insects on sugarcane seeds also, this medicine is also sprayed for their prevention.

Sowing time:-

            The best time for sugarcane sowing is in the months of October to November. Sugarcane production is very good at this time. Sugarcane is also sown in the spring and February.

Fertilizer:-

            Fertilizer should be applied to the soil on the basis of examination of the soil of the field. For sugarcane, 150-180 kg nitrogen, 60 kg phosphorus, 40 kg potash, 25 kg zinc sulfate and 20 kg ferrous. Use sulfate per hectare. By applying all these fertilizers at the time of sowing, the fertilizer capacity of the soil will be good and sugarcane yield will also be good. With this, you can also add biofertilizer such as – culture increasing the availability of Azotobacter iron phosphorus should be added at the time of sowing.

Seed preparation:-

                 For sugarcane seeds, one should do about three parts in sugarcane. Germination is better in the top part of sugarcane, so use the upper part more. Before sowing the sugarcane seed, it is very important to get rid of the disease, so that the germination of the sugarcane is good.

Sugarcane sowing:-

               Before sowing sugarcane, the field should be well manured, drains 20 cm deep should be made with the help of risers at a distance of 75 cm in the spring and 90 cm in the autumn season. After this, sugarcane pieces should be put in these drains and also sprayed with some fertilizer and medicines for termites such as pests. After this, the drain should be closed by covering the pieces of sugarcane with soil. Even after sowing, if there is an infestation of termites, take advice from an expert.

Sugarcane irrigation:-

                 In the plains, in the autumn sown crop, 7 irrigation should be done at least before the rainy season and 2 irrigations after the rainy season. In the spring crop, 6 irrigations should be done, of which 4 should be done before the rain and 2 after the irrigation. When the sugarcane buds start coming out, a irrigation must be done at that time. In Terai areas, irrigation is sufficient only before 2-3 rainy days and after rainy season one irrigation is given.

weed control:-

               Weeds can be controlled by making at least three hives at 25-30 days after sowing sugarcane. Some chemicals are also used to control weed. Immediately after sowing sugarcane, spray 2 kg of active substance of Etrazine in 1000 liters of water and spray it per hectare.

Sugarcane harvesting:-

To harvest sugarcane, first measure with a hand refractometer. The harvesting of sugarcane should start as soon as the point of hand refractometer (manual rotation measured) reaches 18. Sugarcane ripening can also be detected by the sweetness of sugarcane if the device is not there. When the sugarcane is ripe, its harvesting should be started.

Diseases and prevention in diseases:-

There are many types of diseases in sugarcane, some of which are as follows –

Red rot – Coletatraicum falcatum

Uktha – Cephalosporium sekrai

Kuduwa – Astilago Sitamania

Pokhara Boeing

Termites – Odontotermis obesus

White Grub – Holotrachia konsenjinia

There are many types of medicines for the prevention of all these diseases, which you should put on the opinion of experts in your field.

This all are the requirements and process for Sugarcane Farming 

sugarcane sowing

Sugarcane is sown in the months of October to November and February to March. Sugarcane is sown in the form of media groove, the drain is made by using tractor operated razor at a distance of 90 cm. Small yads make pieces of 22 wa, which are called padi, put them in the drain or gully with hands in such a way that the tip of one pandi should be mixed with the end of the other pandi.

After this, adding manure of cow dung and urea as needed, put it in the drain, and with the help of a sieve or farbade, cover the gully, if you have sown it in drought, then give light irrigation when the new is walkable but estrogen 2 Kilogram per acre should be mixed with 350 to 400 liters of water and sprayed. After this irrigation should be done as per the requirement.

sugarcane harvesting

For harvesting sugarcane crop, Kasla or Gandase is needed from which sugarcane is harvested from the field and left and transported in buggy or tippler. When the sugarcane crop is ready, then it is called the sugarcane naulaf. And after harvesting, the pedi is also good. Naulaf sugarcane is harvested in the month of February because it makes its pedi burst well. The pedi does not grow well, because if the temperature is too low, then its crop ie the pedi is not good.

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